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Erasing the which-path information of photons
preprintposted on 2023-01-12, 14:03 authored by Jinxian Guo, Qizhang Yuan, Yuan Wu, Weiping Zhang
Which-path information of a quantum particle in interferometers is the key to infer the past of quantum particle. It arises many extensive discussions including quantum complementarity and path-visibility relation. The basic of these discussions are the description, detection and control of which-path information. In this article, we focus on the investigation of multidimensional which-path information in nested Mach-Zehnder interferometer. A general expression of which-path information is given and can be partially extracted by different detection method. Further analysis shows that the which-path information can be controlled by the phase differences and beam splitting ratios between the arms of nested Mach-Zehnder interferometer. Moreover, a new which-path information elimination phenomenon has been predicted and demonstrated experimentally. Our work can help to understand the physics of quantum particles, potentially apply to quantum information process and quantum metrology.