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Exceptional point enhanced optical gyroscope in mechanical PT-symmetric system
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 19:34 authored by Xuan Mao, Guo-qing Qin, Hao Zhang, Hong Yang, Min Wang, Gui-lu Long
As an important device for detecting rotation, high sensitivity gyroscope is required for practical applications. In recent years, exceptional point (EP) shows its potential in enhancing the sensitivity of sensing in optical cavity. Here we propose an EP enhanced optical gyroscope based on mechanical PT-symmetric system in microcavity. By pumping the two optical modes with different colors, i.e. blue and red detuning, an effective mechanical PT-symmetric system can be obtained and the system can be prepared in EP with appropriate parameters. Compared with the situation of diabolic point, EP can enhance the sensitivity of gyroscope with more than one order of magnitude in the weak perturbation regime. The results show the gyroscope can be enhanced effectively by monitoring mechanical modes rather than optical modes. Our work provides a promising approach to design gyroscope with higher sensitivity in optical microcavity and has potential values in some fields including fundamental physic and precision measurement.