Optica Open
arXiv.svg (5.58 kB)

Excitation of $^{229}$Th nuclei in laser plasma: the energy and half-life of the low-lying isomeric state

Download (5.58 kB)
posted on 2023-11-30, 05:29 authored by P. V. Borisyuk, E. V. Chubunova, N. N. Kolachevsky, Yu. Yu. Lebedinskii, O. S. Vasiliev, E. V. Tkalya
The results of experimental studies of the low-energy isomeric state in the $^{229}$Th nucleus are presented. The work is consisted of several stages. During the first stage $^{229}$Th nuclei were excited with the inverse internal conversion to the low-lying isomeric level in plasma that was formed by laser pulse at the $^{229}$Th-containing target surface. Then thorium ions having excited nuclei were extracted from the plasma by an external electrical field and implanted into thin SiO$_2$ film grown on a silicon substrate (that is a dielectric material with about 9 eV band-gap). Gamma decay of isomeric nuclei was registered during the second stage by the general methods of the electron spectroscopy after the photon-electron emission from the silicon substrate. Substitution of the photon registration with the electron one allowed us to increase the desired signal by several orders of magnitude and detect the $^{229}$Th nuclei decay. During the third stage the electron spectra from standard Xe VUV source was obtained that allowed determining the energy of photons. In order to prove that the detected signal is caused by isomeric $^{229}$Th nuclei decay a series of experiments was carried. The analysis of electron spectra gives the following results: the energy of the nuclear transition is $E_{\text{is}}=7.1(^{+0.1}_{-0.2})$~eV, the half-life of the isomeric level in bare nucleus in vacuum is $T_{1/2}=1880\pm170$~s, the reduced probability of the isomeric nuclear transition is $B_{\text{W.u.}}(M1;3/2^+\rightarrow 5/2^+)=(3.3\pm0.3)\times10^{-2}$.



This arXiv metadata record was not reviewed or approved by, nor does it necessarily express or reflect the policies or opinions of, arXiv.

Usage metrics




    Ref. manager