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Excitation of Surface Plasmon Polaritons by Diffraction-Free and Vector Beams

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posted on 2023-01-12, 15:41 authored by Mbaye Diouf, Joshua A. Burrow, Krishangi Krishna, Rachel Odessey, Ayman F. Abouraddy, Kimani C. Toussaint
Surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) are traditionally excited by plane waves within the Rayleigh range of a focused transverse magnetic (TM) Gaussian beam. Here, we investigate and confirm the coupling between SPPs and two-dimensional Gaussian and Bessel-Gauss wave packets, as well as one-dimensional light sheets and space-time wave packets. We encode the incoming wavefronts with spatially varying states of polarization then couple the respective TM components of radial and azimuthal vector beam profiles to confirm SPP polarization-correlation and spatial-mode selectivity. Our results do not require material optimization or multi-dimensional confinement via periodically corrugated metal surfaces to achieve coupling at greater extents. Hereby, outlining a pivotal, yet commonly overlooked, path towards the development of long-range biosensors and all-optical integrated plasmonic circuits.

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