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Experimental observation of Kerr-Raman solitons in a normal-dispersion FP resonator

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posted on 2023-05-25, 16:02 authored by Tieying Li, Kan Wu, Xujia Zhang, Minglu Cai, Jianping Chen
Different from the Kerr effect,stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) is a delayed response to molecular vibrations in materials. In microcavities, when driven in an anomalous group velocity dispersion (GVD) regime, SRS typically leads to self-frequency shift of solitons and generation of breather solitons which have been verified both theoretically and experimentally. However, when driven in a normal GVD regime, recent theoretical work predicts that SRS can cause the locking of switching waves (SWs) and thus support bright moving localized structures (LSs), which we term as Kerr-Raman solitons (KRSs). Limited by the design of suitable experimental parameters, experimental observation of the KRSs is not achieved yet. Here, we provide numerical investigation, and to our knowledge, the first experimental observation of these SRS enabled KRSs in a fiber Fabry-Perot (FP) resonator with ultra-low normal GVD. Such Kerr-Raman solitons exhibit localized temporal features with strong oscillations at ~13 THz local frequency on the top of a flat-top pulse. The corresponding spectrum is a low-noise and broadband Kerr comb with typical platicon-like spectrum in the center and two Raman Stokes and anti-Stokes peaks located near 13 THz away from the center. With such SRS enabled broadband Kerr comb, we have achieved a KRS spectrum with a repetition rate of ~3.68 GHz and a -40 dB spectral width of 260 nm. The corresponding comb tooth count is >9000, covering the S+C+L telecommunication bands. Moreover, the formation process of such KRSs is also revealed, and it is found that the GVD plays a key role in its generation. Our work will help to advance the study of the dynamics of optical frequency combs under the influence of SRS, as well as providing a broadband coherent mode-locked optical source for wide applications.

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