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Extreme events induced by collisions in a forced semiconductor laser

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posted on 2023-11-30, 17:09 authored by Pierre Walczak, Cristina Rimoldi, Francois Gustave, Lorenzo Columbo, Massimo Brambilla, Franco Prati, Giovanna Tissoni, Stéphane Barland
We report on the experimental study of an optically driven multimode semiconductor laser with 1~m cavity length. We observed a spatiotemporal regime where real time measurements reveal very high intensity peaks in the laser field. Such a regime, which coexists with the locked state and with stable phase solitons, is characterized by the emergence of extreme events which produce a heavy tail statistics in the probability density function. We interpret the extreme events as collisions of spatiotemporal structures with opposite chirality. Numerical simulations of the semiconductor laser model, showing very similar dynamical behavior, substantiate our evidences and corroborate the description of such interactions as collisions between phase solitons and transient structures with different phase rotations.

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