Femtosecond Filament Coupled with Structured Light for Free Space Optical Communication
preprintposted on 2023-01-12, 14:52 authored by Saad Bin Ali Reza, Tianhong Wang, Finn Buldt, Pascal Bassène, Moussa N'Gom
The generation of a laser filament through clouds produces a shockwave which displaces the small water droplets from the air to create a quasi-transparent channel through which, information can be transmitted. We present a robust method that utilizes the channel for free-space optical communication using structured light beams coupled with a femtosecond filament. Vortex beams based on their spatial profiles and non-diffractive characteristics are perfectly suited to propagate around the filament. We have also developed a 4-bit communication channel using these structured light beam. We introduce a method dubbed segmented space division multiplexing. Our system demonstrates resilience to noise and is unaffected by the filament. This method can improve the scalability, robustness, and capacity of the free optical channel.