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Flatfield Ultrafast Imaging with Single-Shot Non-Synchronous Array Photography

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posted on 2023-01-12, 14:22 authored by Matthew Sheinman, Lawrence Ziegler, Shyamsunder Erramilli, Jerome Mertz
We present a method for acquiring a sequence of time-resolved images in a single shot, called Single-Shot Non-Synchronous Array Photography (SNAP). In SNAP, a pulsed laser beam is split by a diffractive optical element into an array of angled beamlets whose illumination fronts remain perpendicular to the optical axis. Different time delays are imparted to each beamlet by an echelon, enabling them to probe a scene in rapid succession. The beamlets are then imaged onto different regions of a camera by a lenslet array. Because the illumination fronts remain flat (head-on) independently of beamlet angle, the temporal resolution of SNAP is fundamentally limited only by the laser pulse duration, akin to a "global shutter" in conventional imaging. We demonstrate SNAP by capturing the evolution of a laser induced plasma filament for 20 frames at an average rate of 4.2 Tfps.

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