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Focused fields of ultrashort radially-polarized laser pulses having low-order spatio-temporal couplings

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posted on 2023-11-30, 21:06 authored by Spencer W. Jolly
We present a detailed study of the fields and propagation characteristics around the focus of ultrashort radially-polarized laser beams (RPLBs) having low-order spatio-temporal couplings (STCs). The three STCs considered are the focusing of the different frequencies to different positions along the longitudinal coordinate, the focusing of the frequencies to different positions along one transverse coordinate, and the beam waist or Rayleigh range having a power-law frequency dependence. The STCs considered are deemed low-order because they are generally linear in frequency. The combination of a low-order vector beam, ultrashort pulse duration, and the three different STCs shows promise for exotic applications in dielectric or charged particle manipulation and potentially other strong-field phenomena. The STCs presented are all developed in a standard frequency-domain model where each case involves a different chromatic term. We present the results unique to the vector nature of the RPLBs and compare them to the linearly polarized cases, opening up opportunities for control of the electric field around the focus with the additional element of polarization.

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