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Force sensing beyond standard quantum limit with optomechanical `soft' mode induced by non-linear interaction

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posted on 2023-11-30, 19:04 authored by U. Satya Sainadh, M. Anil Kumar
We consider an optomechanical system that is composed of a mechanical and an optical mode interacting through a linear and quadratic optomechanical dispersive couplings. The system is operated in an unresolved side band limit with a high quality factor mechanical resonator. Such a system then acts as parametrically driven oscillator, giving access to an intensity assisted tunability of the spring constant. This enables the operation of optomechanical system in its 'soft mode' wherein the mechanical spring softens and responds with a lower resonance frequency. We show that this soft mode can be exploited to non-linearize backaction noise which yields higher force sensitivity beyond the conventional standard quantum limit.

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