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Fourier-Engineered Plasmonic Lattice Resonances

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posted on 2023-01-12, 14:45 authored by Theng-Loo Lim, Yaswant Vaddi, M. Saad Bin-Alam, Lin Cheng, Rasoul Alaee, Jeremy Upham, Mikko J. Huttunen, Ksenia Dolgaleva, Orad Reshef, Robert W. Boyd
Resonances in optical systems are useful for many applications, such as frequency comb generation, optical filtering, and biosensing. However, many of these applications are difficult to implement in optical metasurfaces because traditional approaches for designing multi-resonant nanostructures require significant computational and fabrication efforts. To address this challenge, we introduce the concept of Fourier lattice resonances (FLRs) in which multiple desired resonances can be chosen a priori and used to dictate the metasurface design. Because each resonance is supported by a distinct surface lattice mode, each can have a high quality factor. Here, we experimentally demonstrate several metasurfaces with arbitrarily placed resonances (e.g., at 1310 and 1550 nm) and Q-factors as high as 800 in a plasmonic platform. This flexible procedure requires only the computation of a single Fourier transform for its design, and is based on standard lithographic fabrication methods, allowing one to design and fabricate a metasurface to fit any specific, optical-cavity-based application. This work represents an important milestone towards the complete control over the transmission spectrum of a metasurface.

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