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Full-Vectorial Mode Coupling in Optical Fibers
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 19:16 authored by Liang Fang, Jian Wang
Optical full vectorial modes have closely attracted much attention because of their unique optical features and thus may develop the fundamental researches and new functionalities of light. Beyond the conventional linear polarization modal coupling, we thoroughly investigate the inherent polarizationdependence and polarization-isolation features for full vectorial mode coupling in optical fibers, as well as the coupling crosstalk in view of the modal degeneracy. We present the general full vectorial coupling mechanism and numerically simulate the full vectorial mode coupling for both fiber directional and grating assisted coupling cases. Furthermore, we give the detailed analyses of coupling crosstalk based on the unified threemode coupling model. Apart from lifting the modal degeneracy, significantly, the crosstalk can also be reduced by weakening the coupling coefficient and meanwhile increasing the coupling length. This extended full vectorial mode coupling mechanismmay provide theoretical guidance on exploiting new all fiberbased polarization-sensitive passive elements to control fullvectorial fields and modal polarization states.