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Fundamental bounds for scattering from absorptionless electromagnetic structures
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 19:31 authored by Rahul Trivedi, Guillermo Angeris, Logan Su, Stephen Boyd, Shanhui Fan, Jelena Vuckovic
The ability to design the scattering properties of electromagnetic structures is of fundamental interest in optical science and engineering. While there has been great practical success applying local optimization methods to electromagnetic device design, it is unclear whether the performance of resulting designs is close to that of the best possible design. This question remains unsettled for absorptionless electromagnetic devices since the absence of material loss makes it difficult to provide provable bounds on their scattering properties. We resolve this problem by providing non-trivial lower bounds on performance metrics that are convex functions of the scattered fields. Our bounding procedure relies on accounting for a constraint on the electric fields inside the device, which can be provably constructed for devices with small footprints or low dielectric constrast. We illustrate our bounding procedure by studying limits on the scattering cross-sections of dielectric and metallic particles in the absence of material losses.