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Fusion Between Frozen-Wave-Type Beams and Airy-Type Pulses: Diffraction-Dispersion-Attenuation Resistant Vortex Pulses in Absorbing Media
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 06:20 authored by Michel Zamboni-Rached, Mo Mojahedi
In this paper we perform a fusion between two important theoretical methodologies, one related to the Frozen Wave beams, which are non-diffracting beams whose longitudinal intensity pattern can be chosen a priori in an medium (absorbing or not), and the other related to the Airy-Type pulses, which are pulses resistant to dispersion effects in dispersive materials. As a result, a new method emerges, capable of providing vortex pulses resistant to three concomitant effects, i.e.: diffraction, dispersion and attenuation; while concurrently the spatial variation of the wave intensity along its axis of propagation can be engineered at will. The new approach can be seen as a generalization of the Localized Waves theory in the paraxial regime and the new pulses can have potential applications in different fields such as optics communications, nonlinear optics, micromanipulation, and so on.