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Gain Induced Topological Response via Tailored Long-range Interactions
preprintposted on 2023-01-12, 15:16 authored by Yuzhou G. N. Liu, Pawel S. Jung, Midya Parto, Demetrios N. Christodoulides, Mercedeh Khajavikhan
The ability to tailor the hopping interactions between the constituent elements of a physical system could enable the observation of unusual phenomena that are otherwise inaccessible in standard settings. In this regard, a number of recent theoretical studies have indicated that an asymmetry in either the short- or long-range complex exchange constants can lead to counterintuitive effects, for example, the possibility of a Kramer's degeneracy even in the absence of spin 1/2 or the breakdown of the bulk-boundary correspondence. Here, we show how such tailored asymmetric interactions can be realized in photonic integrated platforms by exploiting non-Hermitian concepts, enabling a class of topological behaviors induced by optical gain. As a demonstration, we implement the Haldane model, a canonical lattice that relies on asymmetric long-range hopping in order to exhibit quantum Hall behavior without a net external magnetic flux. The topological response observed in this lattice is a result of gain and vanishes in a passive but otherwise identical structure. Our findings not only enable the realization of a wide class of non-trivial phenomena associated with tailored interactions, but also opens up avenues to study the role of gain and nonlinearity in topological systems in the presence of quantum noise.