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Gas-phase microresonator-based comb spectroscopy without an external pump laser

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posted on 2023-11-30, 05:49 authored by Mengjie Yu, Yoshitomo Okawachi, Chaitanya Joshi, Xingchen Ji, Michal Lipson, Alexander L. Gaeta
We present a novel approach to realize microresonator-comb-based high resolution spectroscopy that combines a fiber-laser cavity with a microresonator. Although the spectral resolution of a chip-based comb source is typically limited by the free spectral range (FSR) of the microresonator, we overcome this limit by tuning the 200-GHz repetition-rate comb over one FSR via control of an integrated heater. Our dual-cavity scheme allows for self-starting comb generation without the need for conventional pump-cavity detuning while achieving a spectral resolution equal to the comb linewidth. We measure broadband molecular absorption spectra of acetylene by interleaving 800 spectra taken at 250-MHz per spectral step using a 60-GHz-coarse-resolution spectrometer and exploits advances of integrated heater which can locally and rapidly change the refractive index of a microresonator with low electrical consumption (0.9 GHz/mW), which is orders of magnitude lower than a fiber-based comb. This approach offers a path towards a simple, robust and low-power consumption CMOS-compatible platform capable of remote sensing.

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