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Generalization of the circular dichroism from metallic arrays that support Bloch-like surface plasmon polaritons

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posted on 2023-11-30, 20:27 authored by X. Guo, C. Liu, H. C. Ong
The broken mirror symmetry in subwavelength photonic systems has manifested many interesting chiroptical effects such as optical rotation and circular dichroism. When such systems are placed periodically in a lattice form, in addition to intrinsic chirality, extrinsic chirality also takes part, and the overall effect depends not only on the basis and lattice but also the excitation configuration. Here, we study planar chiral nanohole arrays in square lattice that support Bloch-like surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) and clarify how the system geometry and the excitation contribute to circular dichroism. By using temporal coupled mode theory (CMT), the dissymmetry factor and the scattering matrix of the arrays are analytically formulated. Remarkably, we find the dissymmetry factor depends only on the coupling polarization angle and the in-coupling phase difference between the p- and s-polarizations. Besides, the upper limit of the dissymmetry factor at +/-2 can be reached simply by orienting the lattice of the arrays for properly exciting the Bloch-like SPPs and at the same time making the basis mimic two orthogonal and relatively displaced dipoles, demonstrating the interplay between extrinsic and intrinsic chirality. The models have been verified by numerical simulations and experiments, yielding the dissymmetry factors to be 1.82 and 1.55, respectively, from the proposed dual slot system.

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