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Generation of a Bessel beam in FDTD using a cylindrical antenna
preprintposted on 2023-01-11, 22:07 authored by Kazem Ardaneh, Remo Giust, Benoit Morel, Francois Courvoisier
Bessel beams are becoming a very useful tool in many areas of optics and photonics, because of the invariance of their intensity profile over an extended propagation range. Finite-Difference-Time-Domain (FDTD) approach is widely used for the modeling of the beam interaction with nanostructures. However, the generation of the Bessel beam in this approach is a computationally challenging problem. In this work, we report an approach for the generation of the infinite Bessel beams in three-dimensional FDTD. It is based on the injection of the Bessel solutions of Maxwell's equations from a cylindrical hollow annulus. This configuration is compatible with Particle In Cell simulations of laser plasma interactions. This configuration allows using a smaller computation box and is therefore computationally more efficient than the creation of a Bessel-Gauss beam from a wall and models more precisely the analytical infinite Bessel beam. Zeroth and higher-order Bessel beams with different cone angles are successfully produced. We investigate the effects of the injector parameters on the error with respect to the analytical solution. In all cases, the relative deviation is in the range of 0.01-7.0 percent.