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Generation of extreme ultraviolet laser by single-photon process
preprintposted on 2023-03-10, 17:00 authored by Daobiao Hong, Bingke Xiang, Tong Wu, Zhensheng Tao, Yihua Wang, Zhonghao Liu, Shan Qiao
To generate laser with short wavelength is a bottle-neck problem in laser technology. The extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lasers are usually produced with low efficiency by nonlinear multi-photon process. Here we show the generation of 58.4 nm laser by a single-photon-excitation related stimulated anti-Stokes Raman scattering (ASRS) with an efficiency higher than that of high harmonic generation (HHG). Utilizing microwave excited helium in the metastable 1s2s state irradiated by a resonant femto-second 2058 nm laser, we obtain pulsed 58.4 nm laser with a divergence of 1.9 mrad, suggesting its coherent character. The pulse decay time of 426 ps shorter than the lifetime of spontaneous emission also shows its stimulated property. Our results show an applicable path towards up-conversion by single-photon process to generate intense laser with wavelength shorter than 58.4 nm.