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Geometric Phase-Driven Scattering Evolutions

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posted on 2024-03-09, 17:00 authored by Pengxiang Wang, Yuntian Chen, Wei Liu
Conventional approaches for scattering manipulations rely on the technique of field expansions into spherical harmonics (electromagnetic multipoles), which nevertheless is non-generic (expansion coefficients depend on the position of the coordinate system's origin) and more descriptive than predictive. Here we explore this classical topic from a different perspective of controlled excitations and interferences of quasi-normal modes (QNMs) supported by the scattering system. Scattered waves are expanded into not spherical harmonics but radiations of QNMs, among which the relative amplitudes and phases are crucial factors to architect for scattering manipulations. Relying on the electromagnetic reciprocity, we provide full geometric representations based on the Poincar\'e sphere for those factors, and identify the hidden underlying geometric phases of QNMs that drive the scattering evolutions. Further synchronous exploitations of the incident polarization-dependent geometric phases and excitation amplitudes enable efficient manipulations of both scattering intensities and polarizations. Continuous geometric phase spanning $2\pi$ is directly manifest through scattering variations, even in the rather elementary configuration of an individual particle scattering waves of varying polarizations. We have essentially established a profoundly all-encompassing framework for the calculations of geometric phase in scattering systems, which will greatly broaden horizons of many disciplines not only in photonics but also in general wave physics where geometric phase is generic and ubiquitous.



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