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Giant second harmonic generation in supertwisted WS2 spirals grown in step edge particle induced non-Euclidean surfaces

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Version 2 2024-03-15, 16:00
Version 1 2024-03-06, 17:01
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posted on 2024-03-15, 16:00 authored by Tong Tong, Ruijie Chen, Yuxuan Ke, Qian Wang, Xinchao Wang, Qinjun Sun, Jie Chen, Zhiyuan Gu, Ying Yu, Hongyan Wei, Yuying Hao, Xiaopeng Fan, Qing Zhang
In moire crystals resulting from the stacking of twisted two-dimensional (2D) layered materials, a subtle adjustment in the twist angle surprisingly gives rise to a wide range of correlated optical and electrical properties. Herein, we report the synthesis of supertwisted WS2 spirals and the observation of giant second harmonic generation (SHG) in these spirals. Supertwisted WS2 spirals featuring different twist angles are synthesized on a Euclidean or step-edge particle-induced non-Euclidean surface using a carefully designed water-assisted chemical vapor deposition deposition. We observed an oscillatory dependence of SHG intensity on layer number, attributed to atomically phase-matched nonlinear dipoles within layers of supertwisted spiral crystals where inversion symmetry is restored. Through an investigation into the twist angle evolution of SHG intensity, we discovered that the stacking model between layers plays a crucial role in determining the nonlinearity, and the SHG signals in supertwisted spirals exhibit enhancements by a factor of 2 to 136 when compared with the SHG of the single-layer structure. These findings provide an efficient method for the rational growth of 2D twisted structures and the implementation of twist angle adjustable endowing them great potential for exploring strong coupling correlation physics and applications in the field of twistronics.

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