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Gouy-phase-mediated propagation variations and revivals of transverse structure in vectorially structured light

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posted on 2023-01-11, 22:19 authored by Ru-Yue Zhong, Zhi-Han Zhu, Hai-Jun Wu, Carmelo Rosales-Guzmán, Shu-Wei Song, Bao-Sen Shi
Exploring the physics and potential applications of vectorially structured light with propagation-invariant transverse structures has benefited many areas of modern optics and photonics. In this paper, we investigate the non-eigen vector modes of paraxial light fields, focusing on the propagation variations and revivals of their transverse structures, including both spatial and polarization structures. We show that the physical mechanism behind the variations and revivals of their transverse structure is linked to the evolution of the intramodal phases between the constituting spatial modes. Such evolution originates from fractional Gouy phases, or rather, Geometric-phase difference between spatial modes with different orders under a same unitary transformation. This underlying principle, provides a general guideline for shaping vectorially structured light with custom propagation-evolution properties, and may also inspire a wide variety of new applications based on structured light.

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