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Helical dichroism for hybridized quadrupole plasmon modes in twisted metal nanorods

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posted on 2023-01-06, 17:02 authored by Takahiro Uto, Wu Anan, Tsutomu Shimura, Yoshito Y. Tanaka
Helical dichroism (HD), based on the interaction between chiral plasmonic nanostructures and light with orbital angular momentum (OAM), has attracted researchers in a wide range of fields from the viewpoint of fundamental physics and applications. However, the relation between the HD and the excited plasmon modes has been poorly understood in experiments. Because of the weak chiral interaction between the chiral structures and OAM light, the structure size had to be much larger than the incident light wavelength to obtain a sufficient HD signal in an experiment, resulting in a complex superposition of higher-order plasmon modes. Recently, we experimentally demonstrated that a twisted gold nanorod dimer, one of the simplest 3D chiral plasmonic structures, exhibits giant circular dichroism due to strong plasmon coupling between the nanorods, followed by the hybridization of dipole mode. In this study, we reveal that the HD of this nanorod dimer appears due to the hybridization of quadrupole plasmon mode rather than dipole mode. Furthermore, the measurement of the HD signal can be achieved by using the array of the twisted dimers. The dependence of the HD on the incident light wavelength exhibits that the HD sign changes around the quadrupole plasmon resonance, which is in good agreement with the simulation. These results open new avenues for the profound understanding of the light-matter interaction with respect to angular momentum.



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