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High-Resolution Imaging of Cold Atoms through a Multimode Fiber

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posted on 2023-11-30, 21:12 authored by Nicolas Vitrant, Sébastien Garcia, Kilian Müller, Alexei Ourjoumtsev
We developed an ultra-compact high-resolution imaging system for cold atoms. Its only in-vacuum element is a multimode optical fiber with a diameter of $230\,\mu$m, which simultaneously collects light and guides it out of the vacuum chamber. External adaptive optics allow us to image cold Rb atoms with a $\sim 1\,\mu$m resolution over a $100 \times 100\,\mu$m$^2$ field of view. These optics can be easily rearranged to switch between fast absorption imaging and high-sensitivity fluorescence imaging. This system is particularly suited for hybrid quantum engineering platforms where cold atoms are combined with optical cavities, superconducting circuits or optomechanical devices restricting the optical access.

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