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High Kerr nonlinearity of water in THz spectral range

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posted on 2023-11-30, 17:53 authored by A. N. Tcypkin, M. V. Melnik, M. O. Zhukova, I. O. Vorontsova, S. E. Putilin, S. A. Kozlov, X. -C. Zhang
The values of the nonlinear refractive index coefficient for various materials in the terahertz frequency range exceed the ones in both visible and NIR ranges by several orders of magnitude. We report the direct measurement of the nonlinear refractive index coefficient of liquid water by using the Z-scan method with broadband pulsed THz beam. Our experimental result shows that nonlinear refractive index coefficient in water is positive and can be as large as 3.5$\times$10$^{-10}$ cm$^{2}$/W in the THz frequency range, which exceeds the ones for the visible and NIR ranges by 6 orders of magnitude.

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