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Highly scalable, wearable surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy
preprintposted on 2023-06-08, 12:53 authored by Limei Liu, Pablo Martinez Pancorbo, Ting-Hui Xiao, Saya Noguchi, Machiko Marumi, Julia Gala de Pablo, Siddhant Karhadkar, Kotaro Hiramatsu, Hiroki Segawa, Tamitake Itoh, Junle Qu, Kuniharu Takei, Keisuke Goda
The last two decades have witnessed a dramatic growth of wearable sensor technology, mainly represented by flexible, stretchable, on-skin electronic sensors that provide rich information of the wearer's health conditions and surroundings. A recent breakthrough in the field is the development of wearable chemical sensors based on surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) that can detect molecular fingerprints universally, sensitively, and noninvasively. However, while their sensing properties are excellent, these sensors are not scalable for widespread use beyond small-scale human health monitoring due to their cumbersome fabrication process and limited multifunctional sensing capabilities. Here we demonstrate a highly scalable, wearable SERS sensor based on an easy-to-fabricate, low-cost, ultrathin, flexible, stretchable, adhesive, and bio-integratable gold nanomesh. It can be fabricated in any shape and worn on virtually any surface for label-free, large-scale, in-situ sensing of diverse analytes from low to high concentrations (10 nM - 1 mM). To show the practical utility of the wearable SERS sensor, we test the sensor for the detection of sweat biomarkers, drugs of abuse, and microplastics. This wearable SERS sensor represents a significant step toward the generalizability and practicality of wearable sensing technology.