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Hybrid Si-GaAs photonic crystal cavity for lasing and bistability

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posted on 2023-02-09, 17:01 authored by Mohammad Habibur Rahaman, Chang-Min Lee, Mustafa Atabey Buyukkaya, Yuqi Zhao, Edo Waks
The heterogeneous integration of silicon with III-V materials provides a way to overcome silicon's limited optical properties toward a broad range of photonic applications. Hybrid modes are a promising way to make heterogeneous Si/III-V devices, but it is still unclear how to engineer these modes to make photonic crystal cavities. Herein, using 3D finite-difference time-domain simulation, a hybrid Si-GaAs photonic crystal cavity design enables cavity mode confinement in GaAs without directly patterning that operates at telecom wavelengths. The hybrid cavity consists of a patterned silicon waveguide nanobeam that is evanescently coupled to a GaAs slab with quantum dots. We show that by engineering the hybrid modes, we can control the degree of coupling to the active material, which leads to a tradeoff between cavity quality factor and optical gain and nonlinearity. With this design, we demonstrate a cavity mode in the Si-GaAs heterogeneous region, which enables strong interaction with the quantum dots in the GaAs slab for applications such as low-power-threshold lasing and optical bistability (156 nW and 18.1 ${\mu}$W, respectively). This heterogeneous integration of an active III-V material with silicon via a hybrid cavity design suggests a promising approach for achieving on-chip light generation and low-power nonlinear platforms.



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