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Hybrid photonic-plasmonic cavity design for very large Purcell factors at telecom wavelengths

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posted on 2023-01-12, 15:28 authored by Angela Barreda, Laura Mercade, Mario Zapara-Herrera, Javier Aizpurua, Alejandro Martinez
Hybrid photonic-plasmonic cavities can be tailored to display high Q-factors and extremely small mode volumes simultaneously, which results in large values of the Purcell factor, FP. Amongst the different hybrid configurations, those based on a nanoparticle-on-a-mirror (NPoM) plasmonic cavity provide one of the lowest mode volumes, though so far their operation has been constrained to wavelengths below 1 {\mu}m. Here, we propose a hybrid configuration consisting of a silicon photonic crystal cavity with a slot at its center in which a gold nanoparticle is introduced. This hybrid system operates at telecom wavelengths and provides high Q-factor values (Q ${\approx} 10^{5}$) and small normalized mode volumes (Vm ${\approx} 10^{-4}$), leading to extremely large Purcell factor values, FP ${\approx} 10^{7}$ - ${10^{8}}$. The proposed cavity could be used in different applications such as molecular optomechanics, bio- and chemo-sensing, all-optical signal processing or enhanced Raman spectroscopy in the relevant telecom wavelength regime.

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