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Hybrid topological photonic crystals
preprintposted on 2023-06-08, 12:56 authored by Yanan Wang, Hai-Xiao Wang, Li Liang, Longzhen Fan, Zhi-Kang Lin, Feifei Li, Xiao Zhang, Pi-Gang Luan, Yin Poo, Jian-Hua Jiang, Guang-Yu Guo
Photonic topological phases offering unprecedented manipulation of electromagnetic waves have attracted much research interest which, however, have been mostly restricted to a single band gap. Here, we report on the experimental discovery of hybrid topological photonic crystals which host simultaneously quantum anomalous Hall and valley Hall phases in different photonic band gaps. The underlying hybrid topological phase manifests itself in the edge responses as the coexistence of the chiral edge states and valley Hall edge states in different frequency ranges. We experimentally verify such an emergent phenomenon and show that such a feature enables novel multiplexing of photon transport in the edge channels. Our study reveals a situation with coexisting topology of distinct nature in a single photonic system that may enable frequency-dependent filtering and manipulation of topological edge photons.