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Hybridization and Dehybridization of Plasmonic Modes

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posted on 2023-01-12, 14:40 authored by Artur Movsesyan, Alina Muravitskaya, Marion Castilla, Sergei Kostcheev, Julien Proust, Jérôme Plain, Anne-Laure Baudrion, Rémi Vincent, Pierre-Michel Adam
The plasmon resonances (modes) of a metal nanostructure can be defined as a dipole, a quadrupole, or high-order modes depending on the surface charge distribution induced by the incident field. In a non-symmetrical environment or clusters, the modes can hybridize and exhibit different behavior and properties. In this work, we study experimentally and numerically the substrate-induced hybridization of plasmonic modes of a silver nanocylinder. The applications of plasmonic nanoparticles such as refractive index sensing and enhanced spectroscopies often rely on the sustained mode spectral position and specific spatial near-field distribution. However, we show that the implementation of such plasmonic nanoparticles in a sensing system can result in a change of the modes nature, its hybridization or dehybridization. These changes are not clearly pronounced in the far-field spectra and then may result in unexpected modifications of the sensor behavior. We show that the hybridization between the dipolar and quadrupolar modes of the plasmonic nanoparticle on the substrate results from quadrupolar mode excitation due to the superposition of the reflected and incoming light and, then, depends on the reflection of the substrate. The existence of the hybridized modes strongly depends on the surrounding environment of nanoparticles, and after the deposition of the nanometric polymer layer on top of the nanoparticle the hybridized modes vanish and are replaced by uncoupled multipolar resonances.

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