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Idealizing Tauc Plot for Accurate Bandgap Determination of Semiconductor with UV-Vis: A Case Study for Cubic Boron Arsenide
preprintposted on 2023-07-13, 16:01 authored by Hong Zhong, Fengjiao Pan, Shuai Yue, Chengzhen Qin, Viktor Hadjiev, Fei Tian, Xinfeng Liu, Feng Lin, Zhiming Wang, Zhifeng Ren, Jiming Bao
The Tauc plot method is widely used to determine the bandgap of semiconductors via UV-visible optical spectroscopy due to its simplicity and perceived accuracy. However, the actual Tauc plot often exhibits significant baseline absorption below the expected bandgap, leading to discrepancies in the calculated bandgap depending on whether the linear fit is extrapolated to zero or non-zero baseline. In this study, we show that both extrapolation methods can produce significant errors by simulating Tauc plots with varying levels of baseline absorption. To address this issue, we propose a new method that involves idealizing the absorption spectrum by removing its baseline before constructing the Tauc plot. Experimental verification of this method using a gallium phosphide (GaP) wafer with intentionally introduced baseline absorptions shows promising results. Furthermore, we apply this new method to cubic boron arsenide (c-BAs) and resolve discrepancies in c-BAs bandgap values reported by different groups, obtaining a converging bandgap of 1.835 eV based on both previous and new transmission spectra. The method is applicable to both indirect and direct bandgap semiconductors, regardless of whether the absorption spectrum is measured via transmission or diffuse reflectance, will become essential to obtain accurate values of their bandgaps.