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Image Processing Based on Compound Flat Optics
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 18:54 authored by You Zhou, Hanyu Zheng, Ivan I. Kravchenko, Jason Valentine
Image processing has become a critical technology in a variety of science and engineering disciplines. While most image processing is performed digitally, optical analog processing has the advantages of being low-power and high-speed though it requires a large volume. Here, we demonstrate optical analog imaging processing using a flat optic for direct image differentiation allowing one to significantly shrink the required optical system size. We first demonstrate how the image differentiator can be combined with traditional imaging systems such as a commercial optical microscope and camera sensor for edge detection. Second, we demonstrate how the entire analog processing system can be realized as a monolithic compound flat optic by integrating the differentiator with a metalens. The compound nanophotonic system manifests the advantage of thin form factor optics as well as the ability to implement complex transfer functions and could open new opportunities in applications such as biological imaging and machine vision.