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Improved spot formation for flexible multi-mode fiber endoscope using partial reflector

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posted on 2023-11-30, 05:44 authored by Ruo Yu Gu, Elaine Chou, Cory Rewcastle, Ofer Levi, Joseph M. Kahn
Multi-mode fiber (MMF) endoscopes are a new type of endoscope that use only a single optical fiber to transmit images, achieving much higher spatial resolution for a given diameter than commercial fiber bundle endoscopes. However, a drawback of MMF endoscopes is that imaging quality degrades substantially as the MMF is perturbed. We propose a method for improving spot formation at the distal end of a perturbed MMF, and thus improving imaging quality, by attaching a partial reflector to the distal end of the MMF. We experimentally find that the perturbation of the light reflected from the partial reflector is highly correlated with the perturbation of the light transmitted through the MMF. We demonstrate a simple method exploiting this correlation that enables formation of spots at the distal fiber end with quality 10-15% higher than if the perturbation of the MMF is ignored. In the future, more advanced algorithms exploiting the correlation may enable further improvements in spot formation and imaging through perturbed fibers.

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