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Information Processing in Hybrid Photonic Electrical Reservoir Computing

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posted on 2024-04-04, 16:00 authored by Prabhav Gaur, Chengkuan Gao, Karl Johnson, Shimon Rubin, Yeshaiahu Fainman, Tzu-Chien Hsueh
Physical Reservoir Computing (PRC) is a recently developed variant of Neuromorphic Computing, where a pertinent physical system effectively projects information encoded in the input signal into a higher-dimensional space. While various physical hardware has demonstrated promising results for Reservoir Computing (RC), systems allowing tunability of their dynamical regimes have not received much attention regarding how to optimize relevant system parameters. In this work we employ hybrid photonic-electronic (HPE) system offering both parallelism inherent to light propagation, and electronic memory and programmable feedback allowing to induce nonlinear dynamics and tunable encoding of the photonic signal to realize HPE-RC. Specifically, we experimentally and theoretically analyze performance of integrated silicon photonic on-chip Mach-Zehnder interferometer and ring resonators with heaters acting as programmable phase modulators, controlled by detector and the feedback unit capable of realizing complex temporal dynamics of the photonic signal. Furthermore, we present an algorithm capable of predicting optimal parameters for RC by analyzing the corresponding Lyapunov exponent of the output signal and mutual information of reservoir nodes. By implementing the derived optimal parameters, we demonstrate that the corresponding resulting error of RC can be lowered by several orders of magnitude compared to a reservoir operating with randomly chosen set of parameters.

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