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Integrated lithium niobate intensity modulator on a silicon handle with slow-wave electrodes
preprintposted on 2023-01-12, 15:49 authored by Sean Nelan, Andrew Mercante, Shouyuan Shi, Peng Yao, Eliezer Shahid, Benjamin Shopp, Dennis W. Prather
Segmented, or slow-wave electrodes have emerged as an index-matching solution to improve bandwidth of traveling-wave Mach Zehnder and phase modulators on the thin-film lithium niobate on insulator platform. However, these devices require the use of a quartz handle or substrate removal, adding cost and additional processing. In this work, a high-speed dual-output electro-optic intensity modulator in the thin-film silicon nitride and lithium niobate material system that uses segmented electrodes for RF and optical index matching is presented. The device uses a silicon handle and does not require substrate removal. A silicon handle allows the use of larger wafer sizes to increase yield, and lends itself to processing in established silicon foundries that may not have the capability to process a quartz or fused silica wafer. The modulator has an interaction region of 10 mm, shows a DC half wave voltage of 3.75 V, an ultra-high extinction ratio of roughly 45 dB consistent with previous work, and a fiber-to-fiber insertion loss of 7.47 dB with a 95 GHz 3 dB bandwidth.