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Integrated resonant electro-optic comb enabled by platform-agnostic laser integration
preprintposted on 2024-01-31, 17:01 authored by Isaac Luntadila Lufungula, Amirhassan Shams-Ansari, Dylan Renaud, Camiel Op de Beeck, Stijn Cuyvers, Stijn Poelman, Maximilien Billet, Gunther Roelkens, Marko Loncar, Bart Kuyken
The field of integrated photonics has significantly impacted numerous fields including communication, sensing, and quantum physics owing to the efficiency, speed, and compactness of its devices. However, the reliance on off-chip bulk lasers compromises the compact nature of these systems. While silicon photonics and III-V platforms have established integrated laser technologies, emerging demands for ultra-low optical loss, wider bandgaps, and optical nonlinearities necessitate other platforms. Developing integrated lasers on less mature platforms is arduous and costly due to limited throughput or unconventional process requirements. In response, we propose a novel platform-agnostic laser integration technique utilizing a singular design and process flow, applicable without modification to a diverse range of platforms. Leveraging a two-step micro-transfer printing method, we achieve nearly identical laser performance across platforms with refractive indices between 1.7 and 2.5. Experimental validation demonstrates strikingly similar laser characteristics between devices processed on lithium niobate and silicon nitride platforms. Furthermore, we showcase the integration of a laser with a resonant electro-optic comb generator on the thin-film lithium niobate platform, producing over 80 comb lines spanning 12 nm. This versatile technique transcends platform-specific limitations, facilitating applications like microwave photonics, handheld spectrometers, and cost-effective Lidar systems, across multiple platforms.