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Intense-laser driven electron dynamics and high-harmonic generation in solids including topological effects

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posted on 2023-11-30, 20:14 authored by Daniel Moos, Christoph Jürß, Dieter Bauer
A theory for laser-driven electron dynamics and high-harmonic generation in bulk solids with two lattice sites per unit cell of arbitrary dimension is formulated. In tight-binding approximation, such solids can be described by $2\times 2$ Bloch-Hamiltonians. Our theory is able to fully capture topological effects in high-harmonic generation by such systems because no simplifications beyond tight-binding, dipole approximation, and negligible depletion of the valence band are made. An explicit, analytical expression for the electron velocity is given. Exemplarily, the theory is applied to the Su-Schrieffer-Heeger chain and the Haldane model in strong laser fields.

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