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Kerker Conditions Upon Lossless, Absorption, and Optical Gain Regimes
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 19:46 authored by Jorge Olmos-Trigo, Cristina Sanz-Fernández, Diego R. Abujetas, Jon Lasa-Alonso, Nuno de Sousa, Aitzol García-Etxarri, José A. Sánchez-Gil, Gabriel Molina-Terriza, Juan José Sáenz
The directionality and polarization of light show peculiar properties when the scattering by a dielectric sphere can be described exclusively by electric and magnetic dipolar modes. Particularly, when these modes oscillate in-phase with equal amplitude, at the so-called first Kerker condition, the zero optical backscattering condition emerges for non-dissipating spheres. However, the role of absorption and optical gain in the first Kerker condition remains unexplored. In this work, we demonstrate that either absorption or optical gain precludes the first Kerker condition and, hence, the absence of backscattered radiation light, regardless of the size of the particle, incident wavelength, and incoming polarization. Finally, we derive the necessary prerequisites of the second Kerker condition of the zero forward light scattering, finding that optical gain is a compulsory requirement.