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Kinetics of photo-dissolution within Ag/As2S3 heterostructure

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posted on 2023-11-30, 05:59 authored by Pritam Khan, Yinsheng Xu, William Leon, K. V. Adarsh, Dmitri Vezenov, Ivan Biaggio, Himanshu Jain
Chalcogenide glass-silver heterostructures are candidates for photoresist and diffractive optical applications. To optimize their processing, we report the kinetics of Ag photo-dissolution in As2S3 matrix using in-situ optical transmission/reflection measurements and real time atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging under optical illumination. The results indicate that photodissolution occurs in three stages with the extent and kinetics of each stage depending strongly on Ag film thickness. By contrast, the photo-dissolution is found to be independent of As2S3 matrix thickness. The extent of three stages also depends strongly on the laser dose and can be reduced to two stages at higher laser fluence. A comparative study of two oppositely stacked sample configurations: As2S3/Ag/glass and Ag/As2S3/glass show that the heterostructures respond differently to light illumination. For the former, Ag dissolves completely into As2S3 matrix at a faster rate than for the latter case. The origin of this difference is established by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and AFM measurements.

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