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Kirchhoff's metasurfaces

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posted on 2023-11-30, 05:41 authored by Yoshiaki Nishijima, Armandas Balcytis, Shin Naganuma, Gediminas Seniutinas, Saulius Juodkazis
Thermo-optical properties of the nanodisc and metal hole array plasmonic perfect absorber (PPA) metasurfaces were designed and characterised at midinfrared wavelengths. Both, light emitter and detector systems are highly thought after for the future sensor networks in the internet-of-things for various spectral domains. Reciprocity of the absorbance and emittance is shown experimentally, i.e., the PPAs are following Kirchhoff's law where the patterns exhibiting a strong optical absorption were found enhanced thermal radiation. Design principles and scaling for photo-thermal conversion are discussed. The highest efficiency of light-to-heat and heat-to-radiation were obtained for the Au-Si-Au structures.

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