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Lasing in an Assembled Array of Silver Nanocubes

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posted on 2024-05-22, 16:00 authored by Mindaugas Juodėnas, Nadzeya Khinevich, Gvidas Klyvis, Joel Henzie, Tomas Tamulevičius, Sigitas Tamulevičius
We demonstrate a surface lattice resonance (SLR)-based plasmonic nanolaser that leverages bulk production of colloidal nanoparticles and assembly on templates with single particle resolution. SLRs emerge from the hybridization of the plasmonic and photonic modes when nanoparticles are arranged into periodic arrays and it can provide feedback for stimulated emission. It has been shown that perfect arrays are not a strict prerequisite for producing lasing. Here, we propose using high-quality colloids instead. Silver colloidal nanocubes feature excellent plasmonic properties due to their single-crystal nature and low facet roughness. We use capillarity-assisted nanoparticle assembly to produce substrates featuring SLR and comprising single nanocubes. Combined with a laser dye pyrromethene-597, the nanocube array lases at 574 nm with <1.2 nm linewidth, <100 uJ/cm2 lasing threshold, and produces a beam with <1 mrad divergence, despite less-than-perfect arrangement. Such plasmonic nanolasers can be produced on a large-scale and integrated in point-of-care diagnostics, photonic integrated circuits, and optical communications applications.

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