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Lattice and magnetic dynamics in polar chiral incommensurate antiferromagnet Ni$_2$InSbO$_6$

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posted on 2023-11-30, 18:38 authored by M. A. Prosnikov, A. N. Smirnov, V. Yu. Davydov, Y. Araki, T. Arima, R. V. Pisarev
Complex systems with coexisting polarity, chirality and incommensurate magnetism are of great interest because they open new degrees of freedom in interaction between different subsystems and therefore they host a plethora of intriguing physical properties. Here we report on optical properties and lattice and spin dynamics of Ni$_2$InSbO$_6$ single crystals studied with the use of polarized optical microscopy and micro-Raman spectroscopy in the temperature range 10-300 K. Ni$_2$InSbO$_6$ crystallizes in a polar structure described by the noncentrosymmetric space group R3 and two types of structural domains were visualized due to natural optical activity of opposite chirality. Raman tensor elements of most A and E phonons along with their symmetry were determined. The manifestation of LO-TO splitting was observed for the A modes. By tracking the temperature dependencies of phonon frequencies the well pronounced spin-phonon interaction was observed for several modes below and above the N\'eel transition temperature TN = 76 K. In antiferromagnetic phase a wide excitation centred at 247 cm-1 was detected and assigned to the two-magnon mode and this value was used for estimating exchange parameters through linear spin-wave theory calculations.

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