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Machine prediction of topological transitions in photonic crystals

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posted on 2023-11-30, 18:43 authored by Bei Wu, Kun Ding, C. T. Chan, Yuntian Chen
We train artificial neural networks to distinguish the geometric phases of a set of bands in 1D photonic crystals. We find that the trained network yields remarkably accurate predictions of the topological phases for 1D photonic crystals, even for the geometric and material parameters that are outside of the range of the trained dataset. Another remarkable capability of the trained network is to predict the boundary of topological transition in the parameter space, where a large portion of trained data in the vicinity of that boundary is excluded purposely. The results indicate that the network indeed learns the very essence of the structure of Maxwell's equations, and has the ability of predicting the topological invariants beyond the range of the training dataset.

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