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Magnetic-enhanced modulation transfer spectroscopy and laser locking for 87Rb repump transition
preprintposted on 2023-11-29, 05:02 authored by Jin-Bao Long, Sheng-Jun Yang, Shuai Chen, Jian-Wei Pan
Locking of a laser frequency to an atomic or molecular resonance line is a key technique in applications of laser spectroscopy and atomic metrology. Modulation transfer spectroscopy (MTS) provides an accurate and stable laser locking method which has been widely used. Normally, the frequency of the MTS signal would drift due to Zeeman shift of the atomic levels and rigorous shielding of stray magnetic field around the vapor cell is required for the accuracy and stability of laser locking. Here on the contrary, by applying a transverse bias magnetic field, we report for the first time observation of a magnetic-enhanced MTS signal on the transition of 87Rb D2-line Fg=1 to Fe=0 (close to the repump transition of Fg=1 to Fe=2), with signal to noise ratio larger than 100:1. The error signal is immune to the external magnetic fluctuation. Compared to the ordinary MTS scheme, it provides a robust and accurate laser locking approach with more stable long-term performance. This technique can be conveniently applied in areas of laser frequency stabilization, laser manipulation of atoms and precision measurement.