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Many-body hybrid Excitons in Organic-Inorganic van der Waals Heterostructures

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Version 3 2024-01-23, 17:00
Version 2 2023-06-08, 13:01
Version 1 2023-01-10, 17:00
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posted on 2024-01-23, 17:00 authored by Shaohua Fu, Jianwei Ding, Haifeng Lv, Shuangyan Liu, Kun Zhao, Zhiying Bai, Dawei He, Rui Wang, Jimin Zhao, Xiaojun Wu, Dongsheng Tang, Xiaohui Qiu, Yongsheng Wang, Xiaoxian Zhang
The coherent many-body interaction at the organic-inorganic interface can give rise to intriguing hybrid excitons that combine the advantages of the Wannier-Mott and Frenkel excitons simultaneously. Unlike the 2D inorganic heterostructures that suffer from moment mismatch, the hybrid excitons formed at the organic-inorganic interface have a momentum-direct nature, which have yet to be explored. Here, we report hybrid excitons at the copper phthalocyanine/molybdenum diselenide (CuPc/MoSe2) interface with strong molecular orientation dependence using low-temperature photoluminescence spectroscopy. The new emission peaks observed in the CuPc/MoSe2 heterostructure indicate the formation of interfacial hybrid excitons. The density functional theory (DFT) calculation confirms the strong hybridization between the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) of CuPc and the conduction band minimum (CBM) of MoSe2, suggesting that the hybrid excitons consist of electrons extended in both layers and holes confined in individual layers. The temperature-dependent measurements show that the hybrid excitons can gain the signatures of the Frenkel excitons of CuPc and the Wannier-Mott excitons of MoSe2 simultaneously. The out-of-plane molecular orientation is used to tailor the interfacial hybrid exciton states. Our results reveal the hybrid excitons at the CuPc/MoSe2 interface with tunability by molecular orientation, which suggests that the emerging organic-inorganic heterostructure can be a promising platform for many-body exciton physics.

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