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Mid-infrared frequency combs at 10 GHz

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posted on 2023-11-30, 19:52 authored by Abijith Kowligy, David Carlson, Daniel Hickstein, Henry Timmers, Alex Lind, Peter Schunemann, Scott Papp, Scott Diddams
We demonstrate mid-infrared (MIR) frequency combs at 10 GHz repetition rate via intra-pulse difference-frequency generation (DFG) in quasi-phase-matched nonlinear media. Few-cycle pump pulses ($\mathbf{\lesssim}$15 fs, 100 pJ) from a near-infrared (NIR) electro-optic frequency comb are provided via nonlinear soliton-like compression in photonic-chip silicon-nitride waveguides. Subsequent intra-pulse DFG in periodically-poled lithium niobate waveguides yields MIR frequency combs in the 3.1--4.1 $\mu$m region, while orientation-patterned gallium phosphide provides coverage across 7--11 $\mu$m. Cascaded second-order nonlinearities simultaneously provide access to the carrier-envelope-offset frequency of the pump source via in-line f-2f nonlinear interferometry. The high-repetition rate MIR frequency combs introduced here can be used for condensed phase spectroscopy and applications such as laser heterodyne radiometry.

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