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Molecular-Induced Chirality Transfer to Plasmonic Lattice Modes
preprintposted on 2023-01-19, 17:03 authored by Eric S. A. Goerlitzer, Mario Zapata-Herrera, Ekaterina Ponomareva, Deborah Feller, Aitzol Garcia-Etxarri, Matthias Karg, Javier Aizpurua, Nicolas Vogel
Molecular chirality plays fundamental roles in biology. The chiral response of a molecule occurs at a specific spectral position, determined by its molecular structure. This fingerprint can be transferred to other spectral regions via the interaction with localized surface plasmon resonances of gold nanoparticles. Here, we demonstrate that molecular chirality transfer occurs also for plasmonic lattice modes, providing a very effective and tunable means to control chirality. We use colloidal self-assembly to fabricate non-close packed, periodic arrays of gold nanoparticles, which are embedded in a polymer film containing chiral molecules. In the presence of the chiral molecules, the SLRs become optically active, i.e. showing handedness-dependent excitation. Numerical simulations with varying lattice parameters show circular dichroism peaks shifting along with the spectral positions of the lattice modes, corroborating the chirality transfer to these collective modes. A semi-analytical model based on the coupling of molecular and plasmonic resonances rationalizes this chirality transfer.