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Monochromatic X-ray source based on scattering from a magnetic nanoundulator

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posted on 2023-11-30, 19:06 authored by Sophie Fisher, Charles Roques-Carmes, Nicholas Rivera, Liang Jie Wong, Ido Kaminer, Marin Soljacic
We present a novel design for an ultra-compact, passive light source capable of generating ultraviolet and X-ray radiation, based on the interaction of free electrons with the magnetic near-field of a ferromagnet. Our design is motivated by recent advances in the fabrication of nanostructures, which allow the confinement of large magnetic fields at the surface of ferromagnetic nanogratings. Using ab initio simulations and a complementary analytical theory, we show that highly directional, tunable, monochromatic radiation at high frequencies could be produced from relatively low-energy electrons within a tabletop design. The output frequency is tunable in the extreme ultraviolet to hard X-ray range via electron kinetic energies from 1 keV-5 MeV and nanograting periods from 1 {\mu}m-5 nm. Our design reduces the scale, cost, and complexity of current free-electron-driven light schemes, bypassing the need for lengthy acceleration stages in conventional synchrotrons and free-electron lasers and driving lasers in other compact designs. Our design could help realize the next generation of tabletop or on-chip X-ray sources.

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