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Morphological investigation and 3D simulation of plasmonic nanostructures to improve the efficiency of perovskite solar cells

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Version 2 2023-09-09, 09:50
Version 1 2023-05-02, 05:12
preprint
posted on 2023-09-09, 09:50 authored by Mohammad Mohammadi, Davood Fathi, Mehdi Eskandari
Light absorption process is a key factor in improving the performance of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Using arrays of metal nanostructures on semiconductors such as perovskite (CH3NH3PbI3), the amount of light absorption in these layers is significantly increased. Metal nanostructures have been considered for their ability to excite plasmons (collective oscillations of free electrons). Noble metal nanoparticles placed inside solar cells, by increasing the scattering of the incident light, effectively increase the optical absorption inside PSCs; this in turn increases the electric current generated in the photovoltaic device. In this work, by calculating the cross-sectional area of dispersion and absorption on gold (Au) nanoparticles, the effects of the position of nanoparticles in the active layer (AL) and their morphology on the increase of absorption within the PSC are investigated. The optimal position of the plasmonic nanoparticle was obtained in the middle of the AL using a three-dimensional (3D) simulation method. Then, three different morphologies of nano-sphere, nano-star and nano-cubes were investigated, where the short-circuit currents (Jsc) for these three nanostructures were obtained equal to 19.01, 18.66 and 20.03 mA/cm2, respectively. In our study, the best morphology of the nanostructure according to the Jsc value was related to the nano-cube, in which the device power conversion efficiency (PCE) was equal to 16.20%, which is about 15% better than the PSC with the planar architecture.

History

Preprint ID

105727

Submission Date

2023-05-01

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