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Moving impedance profiles make one--way, spectrum--reshaping mirrors

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posted on 2024-04-17, 16:00 authored by Mingjie Li, S. A. R. Horsley
We find a new set of exact solutions to Maxwell's equations in space--time varying materials, where the refractive index is constant, while the impedance exhibits effective motion, i.e. it is a function of $x-vt$. We find that waves co--propagating with the modulation are not reflected within the material, while counter--propagating waves are continually reflected by the changing impedance. For a finite section of such a material we find analogues of transmission resonances, where specially shaped `eigenpulses' enter without reflection. We also find that there is a strong asymmetry in reflection from the medium when the impedance modulation is small but rapid, the material reflecting strongly from one side, and negligibly from the other. Unlike stationary media, the spectrum of the reflected wave can be significantly different from the incident one.

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